Research Abstract

Title An Elegant change in PWB of middle aged women as a result of in depth training in rational –emotive- cognitive -behavioral approach
Principal Investigator Dr.Anagha Lavalekar
Co investigator Dr. Sanjyot Deshpande
Year/ Duration 2018-19
Abstract Midlife is a known period for emotional transitions and vulnerability. Especially for many women who choose to be home makers it is even more challenging due to the very nature of their way of life. They may feel little abandoned by spouse and children who earlier are highly dependent on them. Also health issues start popping up and a guilt of not having fulfilled the potentials can be troublesome. All this influences the emotional and practical life of such women. This leads to issues of psychological wellbeing. The present paper discusses how an in depth training based on rational- emotive behavioral approach positively influenced the psychological wellbeing and mental health status of 35 women in midlife. Qualitative analysis of the focused group discussions with these women has uncovered the inner elegant change in their thought processes.
Key words: women, midlife, rational emotive training, Psychological well -being, mental health
Funding support Self Funded
Title Efficacy of Niramay Matrutva intervention on psychological well-being and affect valance of pregnant primies in rational –emotive- cognitive -behavioral approach
Principal Investigator Dr. Manasee Deshmukh
Co investigator Dr. Pratibha Kulkarni
Year/ Duration 2016-18
Abstract Psychological general well-being is multifaceted concept. Perinatal research done in this area depicted lot of stress, emotional disturbances and anxiety experienced by pregnant primigravida. Hedonistic approach of psychological well-being is studied in this study. Present study is two folded. In the first phase, Psychological General Well-being (PGWB) of pregnant primies in Pune, Maharashtra was assessed on Psychological General Well-being Index (PGWBI, N=32). Standardized self- rated (PGWBI) measuring six dimensions such as anxiety, depressed mood, positive well-being, self-control; general health and vitality were administered. Conclusion of the results revealed that 100% primies were falling under moderate distress (M=62), falling in the range of 61-72 of moderate distress on PGWBI. This distress level showed lack of coping skills for emotional regulation, positive well-being mindset and vitality. On the basis of this data, intervention was planned to enhance the positive well-being of pregnant primies from middle semester. Pre and post intervention effect were measured on PGWBI, Thought and Feeling checklist developed for the research, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), (N=30). Mann-Whitney u test analyses showed statistically significant difference on positive well-being dimension of PGWBI. Experimental group‘s positive well-being gain score was significantly greater than control group (u=49, p=.007) proving the efficacy of intervention was significantly contributed in enhancing PGWB of pregnant primies. There are no significant difference found on other variables such as thought and feeling scores, PANAS and MAAS. Qualitative analyses show 100% satisfaction towards intervention techniques, implementation frequency and usefulness in regulating conflicting, stressful situations. Keywords: Psychological general well-being, psycho-educational intervention, primies, affect-valence
Funding support JPMT
Title Economic burden and psychosocial impact of dengue fever: A study in a tertiary care setting in Pune
Principal Investigator Dr.Sameer Jog, Dr.Gauri Oak
Co investigator Dr.Sujala Watve
Year/ Duration 1 Year (2017-2018)
Abstract Background& objective: Dengue is a major but preventable health threat in developing countries. Studying both, psychosocial impact and economic burden of this preventable disease is relevant in order to inform public health policies.Objective was to determine economic burden and psychosocial impact of dengue infection in patients treated in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Prospective study of 393 patients hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed dengue infection between July and October 2017. Patients were interviewed using economic burden questionnaire, DASS 21 and WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. Results: Mean age of sample was 35.8 years (range 18-82 ± 14.4 years) with 50.9% being males. Mean total expenditure was INR 34,951.54 (range INR 7806.54 to INR 8,65,769.91). Main contributors to total expenditure were hospital admission (mean INR 18,089.45), investigations (mean INR 6952.52) and pharmacy bills (mean INR 3903.20). According to DASS 21, depression, anxiety and stress scores were normal in 76%, 31.6% and 80% patients respectively. Assessment using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire revealed either good or very good quality of life in a majority of patients across all domains: 71% (physical health domain), 84.4% (psychological domain), 90.4% (social domain) and 98.2% (environmental domain). However, significant linear association was found between DASS 21 score, WHOQOL-BREF score and mean total expenditure. Interpretation & conclusions: Hospitalization for dengue resulted in exorbitant expenditures. Patients suffered greater anxiety, depression and stress with increasing expenditures. Patients’ QOL was worse with increasing expenditures in the physical health and social domains. Public education about individual and social measures of prevention of dengue can make a difference.
Key words: anxiety, dengue, depression, economic burden, quality of life, stress
Funding support JPMT
Title A Comparative Study of Rural and Urban Students’ Quality of School Life with Reference to School Climate and School Problems
Principal Investigator Dr. Sucharita Gadre
Co investigator
Year/ Duration 1 Year (2017-2018)
Abstract Purpose of this study was to compare quality of school life of students from urban and rural schools. This study tried to explore quality of school life of students in the light of two more variables viz. school climate and school problems. In this study usually unattended psychological aspect of quality of life is included. Ten schools from rural area and five schools from urban area of Pune district were selected using cluster sampling method. Sample size was 750 (50 students from each school) students from 8th and 9th standard. Standardized tools were used to measure student’s quality of school life and school climate. Teacher made tools were used to measure school problems and socio-economic status. All data collection was completed by using standard procedures. Appropriate statistical techniques were implemented for analysis. Results showed that students from both the locales reported high quality of school life. Rural and urban comparison reveals that there is no significant difference between students quality of school life according to location. However rural students reported greater experience of negative emotions, more school violence along with issues related to discipline and risk taking behavior. Dropout rates were found to be negligible in both the locales. Comparison of rural-urban school climate revealed an interesting finding that though significantly lesser infrastructural facilities were available in rural schools no difference was observed in the socio-emotional and learning climate. This finding indicates that non-availability of infrastructural facilities did not affect socio-emotional and learning climate in negative way. Through correlational analysis it was found that moderate correlation is obtained between students’ quality of school life and school climate. For other two variables i.e. school problem and socio-economic status correlation with students’ quality of school life is very low.
Key Words- students’ quality of school life, school problems, school climate and rural and urban locale.
Funding support JPMT
Title Enhancing Emotional Resilience and the quality of coping in parents of children with prolonged illness through psycho-social intervention.
Principal Investigator Dr. Sanjyot Deshpande
Co investigator Dr. Jitendra Oswal
Research Assistant Ms. Saee Mulay
Year/ Duration 2016-2018
Abstract Child is the center of any family and witnessing child to become independent is the unsaid expectation everybody has in his or her mind. But when child’s development gets hampered due to any of the health issue it is a big challenge for the parents to face. There were two purpose of this research project, first is to develop psycho-social intervention module for parents of children with prolonged illness which enhance their quality of coping and emotional resilience, Second is to measure the effect of psycho-social intervention on quality of coping and emotional resilience on parents of children with prolonged illness. Intervention module was developed on the basis of Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). Intervention includes techniques which can be useful to handle day to day stress. To measure the effect of intervention module on parents of children with prolonged illness case study method was used by researchers. Intervention conducted on five participants. Participants were parents of children having age below 12 years and suffering from any prolonged illness. Interpretations based on individual pre-post interview and observations of researchers during intervention used. During interview all participants reported that, there is need to conduct Psycho-social intervention for parents of children with prolonged illness. Analyzing pre and post interview showed improvement in quality of coping and emotional resilience seen. Keywords: Caregivers, Emotional Resilience, Coping, Psychosocial Intervention.
Funding support JPSS
Title Profile differences amongst selected educational disciplines
Principal Investigator Neha Vinit Kshirsagar
Co investigator Nilima Apte
Year/ Duration 1/4/2017 to 31/3/2018
Abstract Choosing a career stream after 12th standard is an important decision. Every career option requires a particular aptitude combination that should match with the individual’s ability to grow with that career. It is observed that engineering, architecture and medical fields are chosen to a great extent. This research studies the differences in the abilities, orientation, coping styles and personality factors among the fields mentioned above. (Engineering, Architecture and Medical fields). For this study the sample was randomly drawn from Engineering, Architecture and Medical colleges(Ayurved & Homeopathy) in Pune city (N=140) in the age range of 17-22yrs. For this purpose a battery of tests called ‘SWAYAM’ (Studies and work related Aptitude in Youth -Advanced measure) was used. This test battery measures eight abilities namely: Cognitive, Convergent Production, Evaluation, Logical Reasoning, Numerical, Verbal, Spatial and Social. Six orientations namely: Knowledge, Practical, Artistic, Power and Faith as well as six personality inclinations – Self, Task, People, Novelty and Behavior. The test also measures seven different coping styles i.e., firmness in thought, time management, Rational Behavior thinking, Social interpersonal ways, Self care, compulsiveness and Anxiety. One way ANOVA revealed that there is significant difference between the four educational disciplines in all eight abilities, four orientations, three coping styles and one personality inclination.
Keywords: Abilities, Orientation, Personality, Engineering, Architecture, Ayurved, Homeopathy.
Funding support Place of Research Jnana Prabodhini Samshodhan Sanstha Aptitude Test and Career Guidance Dept.(ATCG)